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It referred to the emanated quality or primal virtues of Godhead which are symbolized by the Ten Sephirot of the kabbalistic oral traditions that produced the Sefer Yetzirah. To hallow the Name of Godhead meant to keep faith with all the divine realities: Wisdom, Mercy, Compassion, Justice, etc.

His term was Malkuth, Sovereignty, Rulership. He will be revealed, but his Tzelem will remain concealed by his Light. The second phrase amplifies the first. Because Adam, the archetypal androgynous human soul, the only being that is a microcosm of all worlds,35 is rebellious child of Godhead.

We walked with Godhead in the Paradise of the Third Heaven, but exiled ourselves. Submit yourself to the Malkuth and be faithful to the Divine Voice. Since the concept of incarnating the Malkuth of the interior heavens into human consciousness is not understood by modern people, I have clarified it by adding: As above, so below; As within, so without; As in spirit, so in flesh.

But these first three prayers are not the same kind of petition as the last three. They are what might be called aspirational prayers offered in the optative mood. They differ from the final three petitions, which are prayed in the imperative mood and ask for the bread of the morrow, release from the consequences of hub sin , and divine guidance and protection. Paul applies it to his concept of Christ. As such, they constitute an implicit pledge and invocation of discipleship. Grant us this day our bread of the morrow This is the first of the three true petitions in the prayer.

It can be compared to the Post-Ascension Aramaic invocation offered in the Eucharistic gatherings of disciples the Jewis todah banquet that was the forerunner of the Christian Mass , which is preserved in early Christian writings: Maran, Atha—Our Master, Be Present Now. It had no dictionary definition or precedent in Greek literature and thus was as mystery to the early gentile churches. For contemporary modern disciples, two millennia later, this implies seeking and properly applying the ever-increasing knowledge bestowed upon a humanity emerging from adolescence into the responsibilities of spiritual Co-Sovereignty Malkuth with Godhead, What is this knowledge, the heavenly razim ha-Malkuth?

It is emerging in the fields of science, technology, the arts, medicine, ecology, political democracy—all the things that human beings now have power to use for the common good, or to destroy the Earth. The formerly forbidden arts taught by the legendary fallen angels to a childish old humanity are now mediated to a maturing new humanity by the Ruach Ha- Qodesh. This was allegorized as bondage to Shaitan, the spiritual archetype of rebellion against divine Malkuth. In kabbalistic thought, evil was a necessary reaction to the emanation of divine principles into a dualistic universe.

In the theodicy of the Jewish wisdom schools, evil originated in the shattering of the vessels Sephirot that contained the Name or divine qualities of Godhead, allowing the qualities to interact as a system and time to begin. The shards or broken shells of the vessels, known as qlippot had the qualities of containment, limitation, and opposition to growth and evolution in the matrix of time.

They remain co-existent in the dualistic universe and have special hatred and opposition for humanity. The evil that has been done in the past cannot be undone. It is important to understand that forgiveness mitigates the consequences of sin, but it does not erase them.

He begs for mercy, and by mercy he is released. Then he proceeds to harass and beat someone who owes him a small debt. The guards see this, arrest him, and drag him back before the judge, who sentences him to prison. No, he was released from the harsher consequences of his debt, but the debt still remained. Judgment fell on his own head. One might say you can burn karma the easy way or the hard way. The easy way is to release others from the grudges and resentment you hold against them as natural emotional responses to injustice, and then your own path will become easier.

For Yeshua, covenantal love, an agreement of mutual respect and aid, was not merely between Israel and God, but existed in all relationships—marriage, family, strangers, and even enemies. You release them from your own natural desire for revenge and leave justice to karma and the courts. In kabbalistic thought, it originates in the Spirit that dwells at the crown of the head the Crown Chakra of the system described in the Testament of Reuben c.

Likewise, one person lays a curse upon another through the Yetzer Ha-Ra in a natural emotional response to injustice. This curse can be mitigated only by the victim—not by a Priest. To understand the correct translation of the third petition, we need to examine the teachings of Yeshua from the original Jewish-Christian perspective. All the writings of the New Testament are Pauline, Pseudo-Pauline, or otherwise Pauline influenced with the exception of the epistles of James and Jude, which preserve traditions from the brothers of Yeshua.

The teachings of original Jewish Christianity and their lost writings can be recovered to some extent from James, Jude, and the earlier parts of the Didache of the Twelve Apostles, a book that was included among many early collections of church scripture. All of these were altered in transmission to conform to gentile theologies.

But enough remains that we can recover some basic outlines by examining James, Jude, and the Didache. Of these, the Epistle of James most accurately preserves teachings of Yeshua about Godhead, sin, and spiritual testing. Rather, every one leads himself into trial52 when he follows his own evil inclination Yetzer Ha-Ra. When an evil motivation has conceived, it produces sin; and sin, when it is finished, produces spiritual death.

Do not err, my beloved brethren. Every good gift and every perfect gift [as opposed to trial and 50 The symbol of the crown originally represented the co-sovereignty Malkuth of a Bar-Enash with Godhead. He was not only the brother of Yeshua but his first successor as leader of the Apostles in Jerusalem. He established the Jewish-Christian Apostolic Succession of Bishops in Jerusalem that survived until the Roman expulsion of all Jews from Jerusalem in the second century. We know about the primacy of James from many sources including the canonical Acts of the Apostles and the Aramaic core of the Gospel of Thomas.

How does God do that? By guiding us with the Yetzer Ha-Tov. But it is our job to heed that guidance and reject the evil inclination. What is the Yetzer Ha-Ra? How can we recognize its influence in our hearts i. In the ancient kabbalistic parallel, these were the opposed motions of selflessness and selfishness, the Yetzer Ha-Tov and the Yetzer Ha-Ra. Self-centered egoism seeking what is perceived as short-term pleasure or personal gain; 2. Lack of foresight about consequences for others; 3. An accompanying mental rationale that seeks to justify words and actions; 4. Use of subterfuge and guile; 5.

Negative consequences. There is no evil that can emanate from the Abba because in Godhead there is no duality. Who is the one that will succeed you as our Rav? It presents itself in the form of emotional and intellectual ambivalence. It is very difficult to recognize because it is intrusive, gross, and speaks in a much louder voice than the Good Inclination. It is the basis most people use for achieving practical goals like bargaining, purchasing, negotiating relationships, assigning blame to others, and all other matters of personal interest.

It can also cloak itself in imagined idealism as well as religious and moral motivation. The meaning would be to ask God to guide us so we can take the initiative to save ourselves from evil. In other words, the Abba guides those who attune themselves to the ways of Godhead, but does not compel. The trials of evil often fall upon the innocent who do nothing to bring it upon themselves. Luke Or those eighteen upon whom the tower of Siloam fell and slew them, think ye that they were sinners above all other men that dwelt in Jerusalem?

I tell you, nay; but unless ye submit [to the divine Malkuth], ye shall all likewise perish. Amen, Amen, Amen This doxology57 may or may not have been original with Yeshua. It was commonly appended to Jewish prayers of the period.

Lewis Keizer

But the Jewish concept of eternity was not time-based. After death there was no continuity of consciousness for such a person nephesh. It was understood to comprise a short period of time—days or weeks. It is what Paul likened to a footrace in which the self- disciplined athlete asketes 62 competed against himself his Old Adam for the crown of glory.

There was no concept of Hell in the Judaism of the period. This was not a promise of fancy clothing from Neiman Marcus! Email lewiskeizer gmail. Readers of my previous studies will be familiar with them, but I include brief definitions for the convenience of the reader. You can study my books, seminars, or YouTube videos for a better understanding.

When they appear in the text, you can reference them here. Means faithfulness, fidelity, perseverance in well-doing. After-death place in the Third Heaven where each neshamah is purified before being admitted into the Pardes. Not torture or punishment, and not everlasting damnation.

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Longest possible time was 12 months, shortest hours or days for those who had purified their souls in life. The divine Malkuth rules invisibly everywhere, but mankind has alienated itself from awareness of, and attunement with, the eternal Malkuth. The Bar-Enash or new human archetype is destined to share divine Malkuth with the Abba.

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Messiah Ben-David Popular Palestinian view of a coming Messiah and Savior of Israel who would swoop down from the heavens with bands of angels to overthrow the Roman and establish Israel as ruler of the earth. View staunchly opposed by Yeshua, yet it ironically became the view of Pauline Christianity. Messiah Ben-Joseph Wisdom school view of a Messiah from the line of the seer Joseph who would arise from the sea and make Israel powerful with diplomacy, but would eventually be assassinated.

Also opposed by Yeshua. Nephesh The incarnate personality that is incarnated into flesh, wanders at night in dreams, and survives the death of the body for an average of forty days. Has gender, specific language, culture, national identity, talents, prejudices. Without gender and not tied to human language, culture, identity, prejudice. Compare to the Sanskrit loka. Until they chose to turn and face the light, they will remain in darkness.

Pardes Paradise, like Gehenna in the Third Heaven. Razim Secrets, Apocalypses, or Mysteries of Heaven. Learned by ascent to the Throne of Godhead. Yeshua taught the Razim of the Malkuth Ha-Shamayyim to those whom he initiated. Ruach Spirit, which is the matrix that interconnects Heaven and Earth, nephesh with neshamah with chayyah with yechidah, and eventually yechid. Often represented by the Dove of Canaanite goddess Astarte, probably based on the Egyptian ba. She was called the Holy Spirit, and became the neuter Pneuma Hagion.

The existential sickness that perpetuates the bondage of Adam that the Halakah of Yeshua seeks to remedy. Shaqad To make a vigil, single-pointed meditation. In another Hebrew verbal form, Mishqad—a vigil. Talmid, Talmidim Disciple, disciples of a Jewish spiritual master Tiqvah Derived from the root batach meaning expectation of good outcomes. Tiphlah The form of prayer that Yeshua taught, which was intercessory prayer on behalf of others or the entire community. Was originally done in the Orant posture, standing with arms raised to the side a right angles. Prayer was silent and on behalf of others.

The Abba already knew your needs, so prayer for self was unnecessary. Tzadik, Tzadikim Jewish saint, saints. All members of the early Christian churches were called saints. When final spiritual consummation came, yechidah was merged with the yechid of Godhead in the Messianic Marriage Banquet. Since both Matthew and Mark connect the 'prayer' with the statement on forgiveness, we may conclude that this connection came about in oral tradition. Mark omits the 'Our Father', probably because it was so well known to Christians, but he retains the statement on forgiveness. Matthew gives both together as he found it in oral tradition.

We observe, therefore, that Jesus' prophetic word the 'Our Father' itself was preserved by Matthew and Luke. Luke, moreover, retained the occasion the disciple's question. Matthew and Mark add a part of Christ's explanatory instruction the part on forgiveness , according to a connection that existed already in oral tradition. It is obvious that the 'Our Father' did not originally belong to the text of the Sermon on the Mount Matthew chapters We have already seen in the fourth observation that Luke provides the actual historical occasion.

That the 'Our Father' was added to the Sermon on the Mount at a later stage can also be shown from Matthew's Gospel itself. This is proved by the fact that it interrupts another statement of Christ. In other words, Matthew 6, was originally one prophetic statement of Jesus against hypocrisy, containing three examples of secret virtue: almsgiving, prayer and fasting. The texts of Matthew 6, were inserted here interrupting the oracle since they also speak of prayer as vs. In this way Matthew has added many teachings of Jesus which he knew from other traditions, to the original text of the Sermon on the Mount.

If we inspect the Gospel of Luke, we observe that this evangelist too has tried to bring order in Christ's teachings by collecting similar passages - on prayer - under the same heading. The last of these passages has been put by Matthew in the Sermon on the Mount, whereas Luke puts it into his collection of texts on prayer.

From these facts we learn that connections between various Gospel passages may have different origins:. Having made our 'scientific' observations about the Our Father, we can now proceed to reconstruct its history. This reconstruction may be considered as quite certain, except for the precise dates. The form is the same as the one we find with Matthew except for some addition at the end. Your Name be sanctified! Your Kingdom come. Your Will be done on earth as in heaven! Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our debts, as we also forgive our debtors.

And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. For Yours is the Power and the GIory through the ages'. Three times a day you shall pray in this fashion". It is based on Luke's version, but with some free adaptations which show that the early Christians still expressed the Our Father in their own words. May your Holy Spirit come on us and purify us! Keep giving us from day to day your daily bread.

And forgive us our sins, for we ourselves too forgive everyone who is our debtor. And do not permit us to be led into temptation. Question: Which of the two "Our Fathers" should we use for our daily prayer? The one found with Matthew, or the one in Luke's Gospel? It is tragic that Christians normally consider the "Our Father" as a prayer formula, a set piece to be used for daily prayer. Already the Didache, an ancient tract on Christian sanctity, presupposes this attitude when it says that this prayer should be said "three times a day" see above.

Since then it has been used as a prayer 'learnt by heart' and recited in a fixed formulation! But was this Christ's idea? Surely not! The Apostles did not ask to be taught an oration. They asked, "Lord, teach us how to pray! With the words of the "Our Father" Jesus responded to their request by giving them an example. Following this example the disciples should make up their own prayer. The very fact that Matthew's and Luke's form are different underlines this aspect of the "Our Father.

Both Matthew and Luke teach us complementary aspects of this 'pattern of prayer' left by Our Lord. Praying the "Our Father" does, therefore, not mean "reciting the words of Christ by heart". Praying the "Our Father" means, praying according to Christ's pattern in our own words. May your plan of salvation benefit people in the whole world!

~ a former pastor's journey into atheism

May all people get to know you as their Creator and their loving Father! Father, help us in our daily needs. Give food to the hungry; give work to the unemployed; support the poor and the lonely. Please, forgive me my sins.

I know that you demand charity from me and that I cannot be your friend if I live in enmity with others. I realize that I should be merciful towards others just as you are towards me. I realize my weakness. I know that I often fall in temptation.

Please, give me the strength to live up to my good resolutions and keep me far from what may harm me. If we say the "Our Father" in such a personal way. Much of the text in our course Interpreting Scripture Correctly is based on publications by John Wijngaards, in particular,.

The Lord's Prayer for Kids (Elementary Lesson)

Illustrations in the video clip by Jackie Clackson. Then your Father who is in the heavens will also forgive your sins". But if you do not forgive people, your Father will not forgive your sins either". We call this the Aramaic Original of the Our Father. Jesus used the opportunity also to teach certain aspects of prayer e. The apostles had learned the Our Father by heart. After the resurrection they taught it to the new disciples who were converted to Christ. So the Aramaic Original was handed on in oral tradition.

The apostles taught it, together with the occasion at which Jesus had formulated it and His teaching on prayer. Matthew preserved the link with the forgiveness text Matthew 6, In Mark's Gospel the Our Father itself is not mentioned, perhaps because Mark presupposed it as a text every Christian knew. The forgiveness text is given however Mark 11, Meanwhile the Aramaic text of the Our Father had been translated into Greek for the use of the Greek converts. Also Luke knew the Greek version of the Our Father. He adapted it to a form intelligible to new hellenistic Greek speaking converts and put it together with other texts on prayer.

Back to Principle One. Factual Inspiration. First observation. Matthew 6, Luke 11,2b Keep giving us from day to day our daily bread. And forgive us our sins for we ourselves too forgive veryone who is our debtor. Second Observation The thought and the language of the common phrases in the "Our Father" are so Aramaic that they presuppose an original version in Aramaic. In this observation we learn from what linguists tell us, a Many of the thoughts in the "Our Father" can only be understood fully against the background of Jewish belief.

It was the Jews not the Greeks who waited for God's Kingdom to come.